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Small Polish-English 17th century dictionary (version 1.02)
Autor Wiadomość
Kadrinazi
Rav alúf
INS 'Kidon'

Wiek: 37
Posty: 3362
Skąd: Karak Edinburgh
Wysłany: 13 Kwiecień 2008, 10:16   Small Polish-English 17th century dictionary (version 1.02) [Cytuj]

Small Polish-English dictionary of 17th century warfare
by Michal ‘Kadrinazi’ Paradowski

Comments:
(S) – singular form,
(P) – plural form,
(F) – form used as description of type of formation, example:
dragon – dragoon (S)
dragoni - dragoons (P)
dragonia – dragoons (F)
[-]- English version unknown

First Polish version, including Polish letters (ą,ć,ż,ó,etc), if any of those letters is used then in brackets version without them as well, then English version and sometimes explanation of term


- amunicja – ammunition
- arkabuzer/arkebuzer – harquebusier (S)
- arkabuzeria/arkebuzeria - harquebusiers (F)
- arkabuzerzy/arkebuzerzy - harquebusiers (P)
- arkebuz – harquebus/arkebus
- autorament – section of Polish/Lithuanian army to show difference between:
‘narodowy autorament’ – ‘national autorament’ (Polish/Lithuanian cavalry and infantry)
‘cudzoziemski autorament’- ‘foreign autorament’ (Western style troops – infantry, dragoons, reiters)
- bandolet – used by cavalry – arkebus, light musket, dragon
- berdysz – berdish-axe
- bitwa – battle
- buława (bulawa) - mace – symbol of Hetman’s rank
- buzdygan – mace – symbol of high officers rank
- brygada – bridage
- chorągiew (choragiew) (see also rota)– banner:
1. unit’s standard/flag
2. basic unit of organization of P-L cavalry and infantry (except ‘foreign’ troops), usually between 50 and 200 horses (cavalry) and 100-300 portions (infantry)
- chorąży (chorazy) – standard bearer
- czeladź (czeladz) – servants and camp followers
- dezercja – desertion
- dezerter – deserter
- dragon – dragoon (S)
- dragoni - dragoons (P)
- dragonia – dragoons (F)
- dywizja – division
- działa (dziala)/armaty – cannons (F)
- działo (dzialo)/armata – cannon (S)
- forteca – fortress
- garnizon – garrison
- gwardia – guard (like in Royal Guard – so elite units and King’s bodyguards)
- haiduk – haiduk (S) – Hungarian infantry
- hajducy – haiduks (P)
- halabarda – halberd
- hełm (helm) – helmet
- hetman – [-] highest commander of troops in Poland and Lithuania, there were two ranks:
- Hetman Wielki – Grand Hetman
- Hetman Polny – Field Hetman
so there was separate pair for Poland and separate pair for Lithuania
- husaria - winged hussars (F) but I prefer to use husaria anyway 
- husarz – winged hussar (S)
- husarze – winged hussars (P)
- jazda kozacka – cossack style cavalry (F) (Polish type) in first half of XVII century fighting as a light and medium cavalry – with bows, carbines, pistols, spears
- jazda tatarska – Tatar’s cavalry
- jazda wołoska (woloska) – Wallachian cavalry
- jazda/kawaleria – cavalry
- kałkan (kalkan) – [-] Eastern type round shield
- kampania – campaign
- kapitan – captain – only in Foreign troops
- kapitulacja – surrender
- karakol – caracole
- kirasjer – cuirassier (S)
- kirasjerzy – cuirassiers (P)
- kirys – cuirass
- kolczuga – chainmail
- kompania – company
- koncerz- estoc/panzerstecher – additional weapon (long sword) used mainly by Husaria
- kornet – company (Foreign troops – cavalry and dragoons)
- komunik- [-] style of all-mounted army (for example Tatars, sometimes Poles or Lithuanians) marching fast without tabors and infantry
- kontrmarsz – countermarch
- koń (kon) – horse (S)
- konie – horses (P)
- kopia – lance (used as name for Husaria’s weapon)
- korpus – corps
- Kozacy (Zaporoscy, Dońcy) – Cossack (Zaporozhian, Don) – in Polish we make difference between them and Polish cavalry by writing ‘free men of Ukraine’ with capital letter
- kusza – crossbow
- Litwa - Lithuania
łuk (luk)- bow
- muszkiet – musket
- muszkieter – musketeer (S)
- muszkieterzy/muszkieterowie – musketeers (P)
- niemiecka/cudzoziemska piechota – German/Foreign infantry
- oberszter – literally ‘colonel’ – commander of Foreign regiment (infantry, dragoons, reiters)
- obersztlejtnant – lieutenant colonel – second in command of Foreign regiment (infantry, dragoons, reiters), often he lead unit in battle when oberszter was only nominal
- oblężenie (oblezenie) - siege
- pancerni – [-] medium Polish cavalry, name started to be used for cossack style cavalry since 1648 to make difference between them and Cossack’s rebels
- pałasz (palasz) – pallash – additional hand weapon, popular amongst cavalry (especially Husaria)
- petyhorcy – [-] Lithuanian medium cavalry, used at the end of XVI century, beginning of XVII century, come back to Lithuanian forces after 1672
- piechota – infantry
- pika – pike
- pistolet – pistol (S)
- pistolety – pistols (P)
- poczet – retinue – basic subunit of cavalry banner, composed of one Companion and between one and five Retainers
- pocztowi – retainers (P)
- pocztowy – retainer (S)
- Polska (Korona) – Poland (Crown)
- polska piechota – Polish infantry
- porucznik – lieutenant – second officer in cavalry banner, often real commander when ‘rotmistrz’ was only nominal
- pospolite ruszenie – levy, in Poland and Lithuanian we used almost exclusively Noble Levy
- potyczka – skirmish (small size fight)
- porcje – portions (P), it was used to describe ‘paper strenght’ of Commonwealth’s infantry unit. See describe of unit’s system at the bottom
- porcja – portion (S)
- pułk (pulk) – literally ‘regiment’ but should be used as Polish version ‘pulk’ - ad hoc formation, composed from between 3 and 20+ ‘banners’. Main Polish tactical subunit that can fight as a independent force
- pułkownik (pulkownik) – literally ‘colonel’ - commander of cavalry ‘pulk’
- rajtar – reiter (S) raitar
- rajtaria - reiters (F) raitars
- rajtarzy - reiters (P) raitars
- regiment – regiment - only to describe ‘foreign’ troops (Reiters, Dragoons, Infantry)
- regimentarz – deputy hetman, commander of army when Hetman was not present
- rekrut – conscript
- rohatyna – [-] approx 2.5 m long spear used by Petyhorcy
- rota – in XVI and first half of XVII century basic unit of organization of P-L cavalry and infantry (except ‘foreign’ troops), usually between 50 and 200 horses (cavalry) and 100-300 portions (infantry)
- rotmistrz – commander – of cavalry and Hungarian/Polish/Lithuanian infantry banner, quite often only nominal and didn’t lead unit in battle
- rusznica – caliver
- Rzeczypospolita Obojga Narodow – Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
- sejm – parliament
- sejmik – district parliament
- siodło (siodlo) – saddle (S)
- siodła (siodla) - saddles (P)
- skrzydła (skrzydla) – wings (P)
- skrzydło (skrzydlo) – wing (S)
- skwadron- squadron, unit of two-four companies of reiters or dragoons
- straty – losses
- spisa – [-] 3-3.5 meters-long spear used by Cossacks (both foot and mounted)
- szabla – sabre
- szarża (szarza) – charge (of cavalry)
- szwadron - squadron
- tabor – tabor
- tarcza – shield
- towarzysz – companion (S), noble that make basic force of cavalry (usually 1/3 of banner force – see ‘poczet’)
- towarzysze – companions (P)
- węgierska (wegierska piechota) – Hungarian infantry, other name used for it was ‘haiduks’
- weteran – veteran
- włócznia (wlocznia) – spear
- wóz (woz) taborowy – tabor wagon
- wojna – war
- województwo (wojewodztwo) – district/palatinate, large territorial district of Poland and Lithuania
- wojewoda – voivode – governor of ‘wojewodztwo’
- wybraniecka piechota- literally ‘chosen’ but looking for quality it should be rather ‘drafted’ - peasants infantry, usually used as a pioneers, they lack training and good command
- zasadzka - ambush
- zamek – castle
- zbroja/pancerz – armour
- żołd (zold) – soldier’s pay
_________________
http://kadrinazi.blogspot.com/
[Profil] [PM] [E-mail] [WWW]
 
 
Kadrinazi
Rav alúf
INS 'Kidon'

Wiek: 37
Posty: 3362
Skąd: Karak Edinburgh
Wysłany: 12 Styczeń 2010, 21:13    [Cytuj]

New version added - some new terms added.
_________________
http://kadrinazi.blogspot.com/
[Profil] [PM] [E-mail] [WWW]
 
 
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